Beselna Cream (Imiquimod) is used topically to treat condyloma acuminatum (genital warts) and it contains an active ingredient which is in a class of medicines known as immunomodulators. Its mode of action involves increasing the activity of the body`s anti-virus defenses and causing the immune system to release alpha interferon. This in turn leads to an immune system attack on the virus responsible for causing the warts (HPV or human papilloma virus), thereby leading to elimination of the warts. However, it will not cure the virus.
Other conditions for which this cream is indicated for include actinic keratoses (rough lesions on the skin caused by damage from the sun and its UV rays) and superficial basal cell carcinoma (a type of skin cancer). When used for these conditions, it works by targeting the abnormal cells responsible for causing the cancer or keratoses. Other uses for which this cream has been studied include warts which have proven hard to treat, vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, however, it is not usually prescribed for these conditions.
- Skin lightening
- Itchy sensation
- Skin thickening
- Scaling, crusting or flaking of the skin
Your physician should be notified of any persistent side effects. Occurrences of significantly dangerous side effects are considered to be less common. You must urgently consult your physician if you notice aches affecting the body, fever, severe skin pain or any other serious side effects.
Damage may be caused to condoms or diaphragms by this medicated cream. Your physician may recommend avoiding sexual intercourse during treatment.